Climate Change Adaptation Plans


The main objectives of the Adaptation Plans are:

  • Reduce the vulnerability of the area (as warned in the Vulnerability Assessment and other studies carried out).
  • Improve the ability of these marine ecosystems to adapt to the impacts of climate change through the preservation and/or restoration of natural values.

What can the Cap de Creus Natural Park do to adapt to climate change?

  1. Promotion of citizen science programmes.

Citizen science is scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur or non-professional scientists, or citizens who may be experts in the field, based on the design of standardised and systematic monitoring protocols. 


2. Monitoring from oceanographic stations


In order to adapt to climate change, we need information on the evolution of environmental and physicochemical variables and how they vary as the sea warms.

By establishing fixed sampling stations with sensors for salinity, chlorophyll, pH, oxygen concentration, irradiance, sedimentation, nutrients, various pollutants, marine currents, wind, etc., it is possible to monitor the evolution and variability of the marine environment and thus expand the variables currently sampled in the Cap de Creus Natural Park. Using this data, surveillance and monitoring protocols can be developed that are capable of detecting possible changes, with the aim of being able to apply adaptive management measures quickly.

3. Implementation of restoration programmes

During episodes of relevant impacts such as mass mortality at a local scale, mainly as a result of climate change or other impacts, restoration projects must be implemented for certain species, habitats or communities, such as gorgonians, Cystoseira, bryozoans, phanerogams, etc., in accordance with the relevant scientific recommendations and through standardised restoration techniques and protocols.


What can the Natura 2000 area of the Litoral del Baix Empordà do to adapt to climate change?

1. Awareness-raising and dissemination activities related to climate change

Development of awareness campaigns and informative material related to the impact of climate change, the state of the ecosystems and species present in the area, relevant regulations, promotion of good practices or low-impact economic activities, among other relevant facts.

Aimed at groups of users: tourists, visitors, divers, sailors, etc., to the staff of some of the economic activities that take place in the area: diving centres, boat rental companies, fishermen, etc., as well as technical staff of the town councils, County Council, inspectors, etc.


2. Habitat monitoring programmes
© Cristina Linares. UB

Implementation of stable and long-term monitoring programmes to assess the state and impact of key habitats in the area: posidonia meadows, communities of coralline, Lithophyllum byssoides and algal communities dominated by the genus Cystoseira.

This monitoring must allow possible changes to be detected and recommendations to be drawn up for their conservation, for the fast application of adaptive management measures.

3. Establishment of suitable anchoring areas

Zoning of the area of the Litoral del Baix Empordà, according to the cartography and available information, clearly detailing the suitable areas for anchoring boats and areas with sensitive coastal habitats and communities, such as cliffs, coves and protected habitats (posidonia meadows, coralline communities, etc.) where anchoring must be totally prohibited.